An ability to remain agile in a changing landscape, deliver innovative solutions and offer a platform of stability are key differentiators for Jersey’s funds industry that are resonating clearly with managers and investors, according to the chairman of the Jersey Funds Association (JFA).
JFA Chair Tim Morgan gave his update at the JFA Annual Dinner recently (23 September), attended by more than 350 funds and wider industry professionals, including an overview of the current funds landscape, the ongoing work of the JFA with its key stakeholders in Jersey, and future opportunities for Jersey’s funds sector. It was the first physical return to events for the JFA since 2019, since when all updates had been provided on a digital basis.
Pointing to the fact that Jersey’s funds industry recorded another new record high of fund assets being administered at the half-way point in 2021 (£436bn), with private equity and venture capital increasing by 21% year-on-year and the number of Jersey Private Funds (JPFs) rising to 456, Tim commented:
“The latest figures show that Jersey’s focus on alternative investment funds continues to provide a stable platform of long-term capital. From the start it was clear that the pandemic was affecting participants differently. Large, well-known sponsors with strong platforms continued to fundraise. Conditions were more challenging for new and smaller investment groups. However, many have in any case proceeded with the raising of successful, small, first funds and club deals, and that correlates with the continued growth in the number of JPFs we have seen. It’s a real endorsement of Jersey’s appeal and expertise.”
In addition, Tim, who is also a partner at the Jersey legal practice of the Maples Group, highlighted the importance of Jersey’s funds industry maintaining momentum in delivering innovative solutions to global investors:
“Jersey has continued to test innovations in digital assets, as well as increased amounts of structures aimed at sustainable technologies and related assets, which is very positive. In addition, significant changes have also occurred in the administration space – increasingly tech is a key component of how services are being provided, which is enhancing how governance, risk management and compliance are managed in practice. Jersey service providers have been impressive in adopting a digital first approach over the past year and this is undoubtedly a key part of our success.”
Meanwhile, Tim also highlighted that shifts in global geopolitics, regulation and competition were providing challenges, with Jersey’s focus on maintaining a perfect ecosystem for alternative funds putting it in a strong position:
“The political environment is volatile – the change in US administration; increased pressures from the EU and OECD in relation to tax; numerous policy initiatives from UK in the post Brexit and post pandemic environment; upcoming elections in Germany and France. All this means that there is a need for continual engagement in relation to Jersey’s position internationally. At the same time, jurisdictionally, the competitive environment is intense.
“However, Jersey’s ability to pivot in an agile manner, in particular between JPFs and more narrowly-held joint venture and co-investment vehicles, is valuable and provides popular, efficient solutions. At the same time, Jersey has an incredibly strong culture of partnerships with the JFSC, government, and other industry elements all working together on areas of opportunity or concern for our funds and wider finance industry. This is a real differentiator for us, as we continue to focus on our core message - that Jersey offers a unique ecosystem to provide a platform of stability in a rapidly changing market.”
Entertainment at the event, which was held at the Trinity Showground, was provided by comedian and writer Jo Caulfield and London-based singer-songwriter and former Jersey Young Musician of the Year Sam Walwyn.
The main sponsor of the dinner was Mourant, whilst silver sponsors were BNP Paribas Securities Services, IQ-EQ, Ogier and PwC, and the champagne sponsor was Carey Olsen.
Speaking at the recent JFA Dinner, Chair Tim Morgan provided an update on Jersey's funds industry...
The latest quarterly figures for Jersey's finance industry show that the total NAV of funds administered in Jersey grew to a new record level of £436.3bn at the mid-year point...
Sustained buoyant private equity activity continued to drive growth in Jersey’s investment funds sector as the total value of fund assets administered in the jurisdiction grew by £26.3bn to stand at a new record level of £436.3bn at the mid-year point, according to new industry data.
The latest quarterly figures for Jersey’s finance industry, collated by the Jersey Financial Services Commission (JFSC) and published by Jersey Finance for the period ending 30 June 2021, show that the value of total funds business booked in Jersey grew by 15% over the first half of 2021.
In particular, the figures show that funds sector performance has been driven by private equity, which has grown by 24% over the half year to stand at £203.6bn. Combined, the alternative asset classes, including private equity, venture capital, hedge, real estate, infrastructure and debt funds, now account for 89% of all funds business in Jersey.
In addition, the number of registered Jersey Private Funds (JPF), a structure designed for small groups of sophisticated and professional investors, grew by more than 50 over the six-month period to reach 456 (up 13%). JPFs hold total Assets Under Management of £78bn – these are not included in the headline quarterly data.
Commenting on the figures, Jersey Finance Deputy CEO, Amy Bryant, said:
“These latest quarterly figures reinforce some important points. First, the fact that corporate activity has remained strong and our banking sector has been resilient despite significant currency movements in an uncertain environment, underlines the robust nature of our industry.
“In addition, the fact that our investment funds sector has shown such impressive and sustained growth – in particular in the private equity and alternatives space – highlights our strengths as a centre focused on putting significant and high quality institutional and private capital to work around the world. Investors and managers clearly recognise Jersey as an IFC that offers specialist alternative fund expertise. That is important not just for Jersey but for global economies as we all look to rebuild in a sustainable way.”
Tim Morgan, Chair of the Jersey Funds Association, added
“These are once again really positive figures underlining Jersey’s reputation as a specialist funds centre. We work tirelessly to maintain the perfect ecosystem for alternative funds - an ecosystem that is straightforward, well-regulated, effective, flexible and driven by genuine expertise - and those efforts are reflected in the ongoing growth we are seeing in the alternative asset classes, particularly private equity. That the JPF continues to grow its appeal across the range of investors from institutional investors through to family offices is also very welcome and demonstrates our ability to innovate to meet the range of needs across the market.”
The full set of quarterly statistics is available here.
JFA Dinner to be held on Thursday 23 September
The 2021 JFA Dinner is to be held on Thursday 23 September at the Royal Jersey Showground.
Tables for either 10 or 12 people are available and tickets are £90 per person.
Bookings can be made by contacting Caroline Harrington at firstname.lastname@example.org
In our latest blog, JFA Committee Member and PwC’s Asset Management Leader, Mike Byrne, looks at how Jersey’s alternatives sector can be an engine of growth and a force for good in a rapidly changing world…
Over the past 40 years, the private markets (or alternatives) sector has grown to become a bedrock of high value employment and prosperity in Jersey – the sector now accounts for nearly 90% of funds under administration in the jurisdiction.
As assets under management (AuM) in the private markets sector continue their rapid expansion worldwide, they’re set to play a key role in driving recovery and creating more sustainable and socially inclusive economies both here and across the globe.
The private markets designation brings together private capital (private equity and credit) and real assets (infrastructure and real estate), and this has real relevance for Jersey which has a formidable reputation in private equity and real estate in particular.
As investors go in search of returns that other asset classes may struggle to deliver, private markets are one of the fastest growing areas of asset management globally. It’s a sector that is now by no means niche – it’s fast becoming mainstream.
Reflecting that, earlier this year, PwC published Prime time for private markets: The new value creation playbook, an in-depth exploration of how the sector is evolving and how to capitalise on the potential. According to that report, it is anticipated that private markets AuM will increase by $4.9 trillion to reach $14.4 trillion by 2025 - around 10% of overall AuM worldwide.
Further, in the JFA’s own survey of its members at the end of last year, respondents painted a clear picture of an industry that is looking to grow and diversify, driven by the private markets. In an industry with alternatives at its core, 69% of respondents said they were confident that their business would grow over the next five years, whilst both short and medium term strategic priorities for Jersey’s funds industry remained focused on private equity, real estate, venture capital and debt funds, according to respondents.
As the PwC report highlights, however, this is an increasingly challenging market in which the prizes will be hard won.
· In search of return: with entry multiples so high and economies still fragile, traditional value levers such as financial engineering and cost reduction may no longer be enough to deliver target returns. Forward-looking private markets managers are therefore broadening their value creation lens in areas ranging from strategic repositioning and top-line growth to longer hold and ‘permanent capital’ models.
· Competing in a concentrated market: Institutional investors’ growing demand for multi-asset mandates is making it difficult for smaller, single-asset-focused managers to compete with big, diversified rivals. There’s still room for specialised players with the right capabilities. The firms that are most vulnerable are those that have neither scale nor specialisation. They risk being squeezed out of the picture.
· Keeping pace with changing stakeholder expectations: the other, and in many ways most far-reaching, challenge is the shift in stakeholder attitudes. As environmental, social and governance(ESG) priorities in areas such as health, sustainability and social inclusion come to the fore, ESG performance has become as important as financial returns.
This isn’t just altruism. As pension and sovereign wealth funds’ private markets allocations increase, reflecting the ‘people’s priorities’ will be ever more important in securing large mandates and sustaining scale and growth. Embracing ESG would help private markets managers to reframe public perceptions, cultivate closer affinity with investors and generate new forms of value. Investment opportunities include helping portfolio companies to move towards net zero production. Private markets managers could also help to bridge the funding gap for small and innovative growth businesses and boost infrastructure investment in areas ranging from healthcare to digital communications.
With government coffers drained by the COVID-19 pandemic, the record levels of dry powder at private markets managers’ disposal could make them a vital contributor to recovery and regeneration – a Marshall Plan for the 21st Century. This would need to be weighed against the increased public scrutiny that would come from a more prominent role in socially-critical areas such as small business finance and infrastructure development.
Jersey’s specialist expertise, record of innovation and supportive regulatory environment puts it in a strong position to take advantage of private markets expansion. But just as the sector as a whole must adjust to a changing world, firms in Jersey are working hard on sustaining relevance and where they can take the lead:
· Picking their spot: the most crucial decision is whether to be a scale or niche specialist player. Firms in Jersey are carefully considering what it is exactly that might make business want to come here, and how they can build on their standout capabilities.
· Challenging assumptions: Further questions centre on how to address changing investor demands. The ever-increasing risk of being called out for ‘greenwashing’ is a clear case in point. As a result, governance – the G in ESG – is rightly at the centre of the agenda. Firms in Jersey are deeply aware of the principal areas needing to be addressed, including gauging what investors really want and how to stay ahead of the game – the goalposts are moving all the time.
· Nurturing talent: Firms are committed to addressing the need to deepen skills and talent, including creating more diverse boards and stepping up the recruitment and upskilling of women.
The evolution and expansion of private markets offer the win-win of high value economic growth locally, and an opportunity to help address pressing social and environmental priorities globally.
With so much at stake, Jersey’s funds sector is focused on tracking how investor demands are changing, ensuring it can keep pace, and articulating what it can offer that other financial centres can’t.
2021 JFA Annual General Meeting
The 2021 JFA Annual General Meeting will take place on Friday 9 July via Zoom. Any member who would like to join the meeting is asked to contact the Secretary at email@example.com for the dial in details.
Any member who is interested in joining the Executive Committee is asked to complete an appropriate nomination form by close of business on Wednesday 7 July 2021. A Nomination Form can be obtained from the Secretary at firstname.lastname@example.org
The findings of the third annual survey of Jersey Funds Association (JFA) members have highlighted digital adoption, upskilling and product innovation as key drivers for Jersey's funds industry over the coming years...
Accelerated digital adoption, upskilling and product innovation will be key themes for a “confident and ambitious” funds industry in Jersey over the coming years, according to the findings of the third annual survey of Jersey Funds Association (JFA) members.
Presented by JFA Chair and Maples Partner Tim Morgan at a recent virtual event, the findings of the survey, which explored key opportunities and issues for Jersey’s funds industry and the sentiment of practitioners, will be instrumental in informing the JFA’s strategy over the coming years.
Tim was joined at the event by a panel of experts including Mike Byrne, Partner at PwC, Amy Bryant, Deputy CEO at Jersey Finance, Martin Moloney, Director General at the Jersey Financial Services Commission, and Alex di Santo, Group Head of Private Equity at Crestbridge.
Amongst its key findings were that digital transformation will continue to be pivotal to the core operation of funds businesses in Jersey, shaping approaches to regulation, tax and governance over the coming years. Highlighting the impact of Covid-19in particular, 92% of respondents said that the pandemic had changed the way their business uses technology to some degree, with 63% saying it had significantly accelerated digital adoption within their business.
Further, while the vast majority (62%) considered that current skills training was sufficient, around 37% suggested that greater support was needed to support upskilling for a more digitised future.
Meanwhile, on the regulatory front, the survey indicated that Jersey’s response to economic substance rules had been broadly welcomed by the industry, with 42% of respondents claiming that substance rules had had a positive impact on Jersey’s competitiveness, while 70% suggested that Jersey is striking the right balance between ease of doing business and regulation.
It also highlighted that Brexit is still seen as, on balance, a neutral or positive factor for Jersey’s funds industry, with almost a third (31%) of respondents anticipating an increase in business as a result of Brexit.
The survey also painted a picture of an industry that is looking to grow and diversify, with 69% of respondents saying they were confident that their business would grow over the next five years, driven largely by organic growth (69%).
In terms of strategic priorities, both in the short and medium terms, the focus remains on private equity, real estate, venture capital and debt funds, whilst geographically, Jersey’s funds industry is increasingly global in nature, with the US West and East coasts and Middle East markets seen as increasingly important, complementing the existing strong focus on the UK.
Commenting on the findings, Tim said: “Despite the challenges of the last year, Jersey’s funds industry has continued to see hugely impressive growth, with the latest figures for funds business registered in Jersey rising to a new record level of some £378 billion in 2020. The ecosystem Jersey provides for alternatives – its stable platform, quality regulatory framework, expertise and service quality – is clearly resonating with investors, and the outlook for the coming years remains very positive.
“Nevertheless, what this survey shows is that Jersey’s funds industry is both confident and ambitious, and continues to look to push boundaries, innovate and improve. The focus on digital adoption and upskilling comes across clearly this year, with the industry keen to position itself as an authority in the alternatives space, while there are also real ambitions to diversify and grow, including in the ESG space.
“These findings will be vital in informing how we continue to enhance our funds ecosystem, and I’d like to thank our membership for their time and support in putting their views forward.”
A new report by IFI Global, supported by Jersey Finance, has been published, exploring post-pandemic fund domiciliation trends...
The rise of sustainable finance, the impact of Brexit, EU regulation and the fallout of the pandemic all have the potential to shape considerations around alternative fund domicile selection, according to new research published recently by IFI Global and supported by Jersey Finance.
Based on the views of alternative managers, law firms and advisors from across North America, Europe and Australasia, including some of the world’s largest investors in alternatives, the research for this new report – entitled ‘The Future of International Fund Domiciliation 2021’ – was carried out between October 2020 and February 2021.
More information and the full report can be found here.
Latest quarterly figures for period ending 31 December 2020 show stellar performance for Jersey's funds industry, driven by private equity...
The upward trajectory of Jersey’s funds industry continued in 2020 with the value of regulated funds business serviced in the jurisdiction growing by 9% over the year to reach a new record level, according to the latest quarterly statistics.
Figures for the fourth quarter of 2020 (ending 31 December 2020), collated by the Jersey Financial Services Commission (JFSC), show that the net asset value of regulated funds under administration in Jersey grew by £32.4bn annually to stand at £378.1bn. The increase reflects a period of sustained growth for Jersey’s funds industry, with the figure at the end of 2020 rising by more than two thirds (67%) over the last five years.
In particular, the alternative asset classes, which now represent 89% of total funds business in Jersey, continued to prove the engine room of growth, with private equity and venture capital up by 21% year-on-year to £164.6bn. In addition, the number of registered Jersey Private Funds, which are not included in the headline figures, grew by almost 100 over the year to reach a total of 403.
Meanwhile, the figures also show that deposits held in Jersey banking institutions at the end of 2020 stood at £131.7 billion, down 8% year-on-year, a reduction that was heavily influenced by currency movements and global market volatility, with 56% of deposits in Jersey held in foreign currencies.
Corporate activity, meanwhile, was also very strong in 2020, with a record level of company incorporations in the fourth quarter of 2020 and the total number of live companies on the register standing at the second highest level in ten years at the end of the year (33,626).
Commenting on the figures, Jersey Finance CEO, Joe Moynihan, said:
“Against the backdrop of a really challenging year for global markets, this is a positive picture for our industry, and for our funds sector in particular which has again achieved stellar growth to reach new record levels. The resilience and stability Jersey has shown has clearly resonated amongst investors and managers, as they have continued to put their faith in Jersey as a specialist high quality centre for alternative funds. Despite currency movements impacting overall bank deposits, material deposit levels have stayed largely stable and consistent over recent years, while the positive corporate activity we saw in 2020 is a reflection of the health of the industry and our role in supporting cross-border activity.
“Overall, thanks to the collaborative efforts of Jersey’s industry, government and regulator, we are in a strong place at the start of 2021 and stand ready to deliver on our duty as a responsible IFC and support global economic recovery in the months ahead.”
Tim Morgan, Chair of the Jersey Funds Association, added:
“Jersey continues to work tirelessly to create the ideal ecosystem for alternative funds, and these latest figures provide welcome evidence of the appeal Jersey continues to have, in particular in the private equity, venture capital and alternative space, with a number of big-ticket funds coming to market through Jersey over the past twelve months. The fact that almost 100 new Jersey Private Funds have been registered over the year is also hugely positive, underlining both the appeal of the JPF as the go-to vehicle for professional investors but also Jersey’s ability more widely to innovate in the right areas.”
Latest Monterey Insight figures reflect strong growth in Jersey alternatives...
Figures in the recently published, and 26th iteration of, the annual Monterey Jersey Fund Report paint a picture of a vibrant and growing funds sector in Jersey, driven in particular by private equity and venture capital.
The report finds that fund assets serviced in Jersey rose to US$493 billion in June 2020, up 2.5% from 2019, whilst the number of serviced schemes increased to 1,495, up 11.9%.
The private equity and venture capital asset classes accounted for US$325.9 billion of assets for domiciled and non-domiciled funds with just over 950 funds and sub-funds.
Oakbridge FundServices (Jersey) Limited (“Oakbridge Funds”), a specialist independent fund administrator based in Jersey has launched to service the alternative funds sector.
Oakbridge FundServices (Jersey) Limited (“Oakbridge Funds”), a specialist independent fund administrator based in Jersey has launched to service the alternative funds sector.
Expert in the main alternative asset classes with a focus on Private Equity and Venture Capital, Oakbridge Funds will provide administration services to offshore closed and open-ended funds and corporate structures.
The Oakbridge team previously worked together at a pan European multi-jurisdictional fund administration business and have more than 40 years’ experience of working in the fund services sector.
Experienced private equity professionals Robin de Gruchy-Wilson, Alex Smyth and Jonathan Crawford will lead Oakbridge Funds’ operations and service led approach. Jamie Crawford joins the Oakbridge Funds Board as a Director. Jamie brings a wealth of financial services and investment knowledge and is a Director of ED Group.
Oakbridge Funds benefits from the resources and experience of its majority owner, ED Group. ED Group is an investment business with activities in the UK, Europe, North America and theChannel Islands. In Jersey, ED Group also owns a regulated Investment Business, Oakbridge Limited, and a regulated Trust Company Business, ED Capital Limited.
Oakbridge Funds Managing Director, Robin de Gruchy-Wilson, said: ‘We have founded Oakbridge Funds with a clear vision. We are a dynamic and ambitious team. We have a clear strategy for growth and our independent ownership structure means we are navigators of our own journey.’
‘Oakbridge Funds’ launch comes at a time when there is demand in the market for a truly independent specialist provider. We are based in Jersey with a focus on carrying out fund administration for multi-jurisdictional funds using industry leading technology and have no intention to outsource any of this work. We believe in excellence and attention to detail and our experienced Jersey based team is very well placed to achieve this.’
ED Group Director, Jamie Crawford, said: ‘Our venture with Oakbridge Funds echoes ED Group’s ethos of investing in and helping innovative companies grow. We already have substantial experience and resource in the local financial services sector between our existing trust company and investment businesses. We look forward to working with Robin, Alex and Jonathan to grow Oakbridge Funds into a leading specialist administrator in the funds sector. ED Group is delighted to provide a solid foundation for the launch and growth of Oakbridge Funds.’
Oakbridge Funds is regulated by the Jersey Financial Services Commission for the conduct of Fund Services Business and Trust Company Business.
Jersey Finance hosted a Masterclass looking at fund domiciliation in a post-Brexit landscape on 4 February 2021. Watch it again here...
Live streamed last week (4 February), the latest Jersey Finance Funds Masterclass, which featured a number of industry and Government of Jersey representatives, explored what lies ahead for the European alternative funds landscape in the wake of Brexit with the transition period having now come to an end. Amongst the themes explored by panellists were the change stemming from Brexit, the review of the AIFMD, the shifting global corporate tax environment and the stability Jersey offers the alternative funds community in light of this period of change.
Watch the Masterclass again here.
Latest figures show ongoing appeal of JPF for cross-border alternative funds...
The total number of registered Jersey Private Funds (JPFs) has grown by almost two-fifths year-on-year, according to the latest figures, as the structure continues to assert its appeal for cross-border alternative fund structuring.
According to the latest quarterly statistics collated by the Jersey Financial Services Commission and published by Jersey Finance, there were 365 JPFs at the end of September 2020, a number that has risen by 37% compared to the same time the previous year.
Launched in 2017, the JPF structure is tailored to the needs of small numbers of sophisticated investors and offers high levels of flexibility, fast-track authorization and lighter touch ongoing regulatory requirements.
Meanwhile, the latest quarterly figures also show that the total value of regulated fund assets serviced in Jersey grew to a new record level of £365.6bn in the third quarter of 2020, up 7% year on year. This was driven by growth in the alternative asset classes, including private equity, venture capital, infrastructure and real estate, which saw growth of 12% over the year.
Commenting on the figures, Jersey Finance CEO, Joe Moynihan, said:
“In the context of the challenging environment for fundraising in 2020, these latest statistics reinforce the appeal of Jersey as a safe location for institutional capital, as investors have sought resilient, stable, robust, transparent and straightforward fund structuring options to continue to generate returns.
“The Jersey Private Fund in particular has become areal success story and, thanks to its speed to market, flexibility and cost-effectiveness, is now perceived as the go-to vehicle for private capital co-investment and cross-border institutional alternative fund structuring.”
Tim Morgan, Chair, Jersey Funds Association, added:
“Whilst other centres have struggled to keep up to speed as the environment has changed so quickly over the past 12 months, the sophisticated eco-system Jersey provides has proven to be hugely attractive amongst investors. The JPF is a key element of that appeal, complementing Jersey’s pragmatic regulatory environment, access to expertise, and global distribution capabilities. These figures reflect the strong position Jersey is in as we move into 2021 and continue to help investors navigate a challenging landscape.”
New white paper published by IFI Global
Earlier this month, Jersey Finance contributed to a white paper by IFI Global looking at domiciliation trends in a fast moving world.
According to the report, BEPS may well be the most important development for structuring in the alternative fund industry in a generation, with many fund managers considering their domiciliation options more closely now, in part because of the growing costs and regulatory requirements of being in certain Caribbean jurisdictions.
The full white paper can be found here.
Jersey - First for Finance 2020 - 2021
In the 12th edition of Jersey - First for Finance, JFA chair Tim Morgan explores how Jersey's funds industry is focused on honing its vision to provide the perfect ecosystem for cross-border alternative funds.
The full article and publication can be found here.
New private placement figures continue to point towards Jersey playing an increasing role in enabling alternative fund managers to access EU investor capital post-Brexit...
With the end of the transition phase looming, new figures continue to point towards Jersey playing an increasing role in enabling alternative fund managers to access EU investor capital post-Brexit.
According to recent data from the Jersey Financial Services Commission (JFSC), the number of managers choosing to market their funds into the EU through Jersey using national private placement regimes (NPPR) is continuing to rise.
As at 30 June 2020, there were 192 Jersey-registered alternative managers marketing their funds into the EU through private placement – a 5% rise on the figure from six months prior and 12% compared to June 2019.
In addition, the number of Jersey-registered funds marketing into the EU through NPPR also increased to stand at 333, representing a 4% rise since December 2019 and 7% annually.
Commenting on the figures, Joe Moynihan, CEO, Jersey Finance, said:
“With Brexit deal negotiations finely poised, the likelihood is that there will continue to be uncertainty for some time around the way non-EU funds, including UK funds, can be marketed to EU investors. The fact remains that private placement provides a tried-and-tested, flexible and cost-effective solution for third country private equity, infrastructure and other alternative managers to continue to target EU investors in light of Brexit.
“These figures are evidence of a sustained trend stretching back some years now of managers putting their faith in Jersey’s platform and in particular the private placement route to market, and we expect to see further growth in this area as managers implement post-Brexit strategies.”
Tim Morgan, Chair, Jersey Funds Association, added:
“This is a critical moment for managers as they explore models and structures that are future-proofed against the backdrop of Brexit, and the clear evidence is that private placement through Jersey, backed-up by the jurisdiction’s expertise, framework, and oversight, remains a vital and increasingly popular solution amongst alternative managers, that can guarantee ongoing seamless market access.”
According to the latest quarterly figures, Jersey currently administers £361bn of fund assets, as at June 2020.